Grandparenthood: Understanding Legal Rights in England & Wales


Grandparents play a crucial role in the lives of their grandchildren, offering love, support, and a wealth of wisdom. However, in certain situations, grandparents may find themselves facing challenges that require an understanding of their legal rights in England and Wales. This blog post aims to shed light on the legal landscape surrounding grandparents’ rights, providing insight into how they can navigate potential complexities with confidence.

Access to Grandchildren:

In England and Wales, grandparents do not have an automatic legal right to see their grandchildren. While family dynamics can sometimes become strained, it’s important for grandparents to know that family courts do recognise the invaluable role that grandparents have to play in their grandchildren’s lives and their extended family. If a grandparent is denied access to their grandchildren, they may apply to the court for permission (leave) to make arrangements to spend time with them.

Child Arrangements Orders:

To formalise arrangements for contact with grandchildren, grandparents can apply for a Child Arrangements Order. This legal document outlines who the child will live with and spend time with, ensuring that grandparents’ rights are acknowledged and respected.

The court considers the child’s best interests when making decisions, and will consider the following:

  • The applicant’s connection with the child;
  • The nature of the application for contact;
  • The strength of the relationship between the child and their grandparents.

Whether the application might be potentially harmful to the child’s wellbeing in anyway.The court will always consider all the child’s circumstances and must only make an order where they consider it better for the child than making no order at all. For example, they might have to weigh up whether your continuing contact with the child might have a negative impact on the rest of the family relationships. It is in very rare circumstances a court will refuse access to grandchildren.

Parental Responsibility:

In most cases, grandparents do not automatically have parental responsibility for their grandchildren. Parental responsibility is the legal right and responsibility to make decisions about a child’s upbringing, including issues like education and medical care. If a grandparent wishes to obtain parental responsibility, they can apply for it through the court, demonstrating their commitment and involvement in the child’s life. Special Guardianship Orders:

In some situations, grandparents may find themselves in a position where they need to take on a more significant role in their grandchildren’s lives. A Special Guardianship Order is a legal arrangement that grants the grandparent (or another family member) the right to make decisions about the child’s upbringing without removing parental responsibility from the birth parents entirely. This order is typically sought in cases where the child cannot live with their parents.

Care Proceedings:

If a grandparent believes that their grandchild is at risk and needs protection, they can contact their local authority or social services. In serious cases where the child’s safety is at stake, the local authority may initiate care proceedings. Grandparents have the right to be involved in these proceedings and may even be considered as potential caregivers if it is in the child’s best interests.


While grandparents in England and Wales may not have automatic legal rights, the legal system recognises the importance of their role in a child’s life. Understanding the avenues available, such as applying for Child Arrangements Orders or seeking parental responsibility, empowers grandparents to navigate potential challenges and contribute positively to the well-being of their grandchildren. Communication and collaboration with the child’s parents, and if necessary, legal professionals, can help ensure that the best interests of the child are at the forefront of any decisions made by the court.

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